Bicycle-sharing System Socio-spatial Inequalities in Brazil

Authors: Ana Clara Duran, Esther Anaya-Boig, Joshua Daniel Shake, Leandro Martin Totaro Garcia, Leandro Fórnias Machados de Rezende, and Thiago Hérick de Sá
Date published: 10 January 2018
Research commissioned by: University of Sao Paulo, Imperial College London, Brazilian National School of Public Health, and the Brazilian Center of Analysis and Planning

Why did we select this research?

Bicycle-sharing systems have been used to promote bicycling as a viable means of transport in cities. After a sharp increase in recent years, almost 1200 cities worldwide have bicycle-sharing systems. In Brazil, bicycle-sharing systems have expanded in the last decade due to public-private partnerships promoted by municipalities

Key findings:

  • Inequalities in the coverage of bicycle-sharing systems in Brazil, favoring wealthier and centrally located neighborhoods where a comparatively higher proportion of the population is white.
  • Bicycle-sharing systems are not necessarily linked to municipal public transportation systems, consequently restricting access for residents who do not live close to the stations’ catchment areas.
  • Contractual arrangements seem to play a greater role than public input in shaping the location and coverage of bicycle-sharing systems in the country.


Duran, A. C., Anaya-Boig, E., Shake, J. D., Garcia, L. M. T., de Rezende, L. F. M., & de Sá, T. H. (2018). Bicycle-sharing system socio-spatial inequalities in Brazil. Journal of Transport & Health. Retrieved from: